Dry-Process: The coffee cherries are spread out in the sun, either on large concrete or brick patios or on matting raised to waist height on trestles. As the cherries dry, they are raked or turned by hand to ensure even drying and prevent mildew.
It may take up to 4 weeks before the cherries are dried to the optimum moisture content, depending on the weather conditions. The dry-process (also known as the natural method) produces coffee that is heavy in body, sweet, smooth, and complex.
Wet-Process: Wet-processing coffees is a relatively new method of removing the four layers surrounding the coffee bean. The coffee cherries are washed off to remove the skin and pulp off the fruit. Then, the beans are soaked in water fermentation tanks for 24 - 72 hours. This process results in a coffee that is cleaner, brighter, and fruitier.